The area of Vijayawada city Police Commissionerate is 1211.16 Sq. Kms., and the population is around 18,39,720 (13 lakhs urban population and remaining is rural population), with a daily floating population of 4 to 5 lakhs. The Commissionerate area comprises Vijayawada Municipal Corporation proper and surrounding 179 villages of 9 mandals viz., Ibrahimpatnam, Vijayawada Rural, Penamaluru, Gannavaram, Unguturu, Kankipadu, Vuyyuru, Thotlavalluru and Pamidimukkala of Krishna District.
As per the Demographia World Urban Areas:2016 , Vijayawada city is the third most densely populated in built-up areas of the world with a population density of 31,200 per Sq KM. The Pandit Nehru Bus Station (PNBS) and Vijayawada Railway Stations are one of the biggest in South India. Vijayawada City is presently the seat of administration to AP State and it is also the commercial and trading capital. Vijayawada is also a gate way to Amaravathi, Capital of AP. Three National Highways viz., 1. NH -16 (Calcutta– Chennai) – 31 Kms 2. NH – 30 (Vijayawada–Jabalpur- Bareilly) – 8.5 Kms 3. NH- 65 (Pune – Machilipatnam) – 34.2 Kms and four State Highways viz., 1. SH- 110 ( VJA to Nuzvid ) – 14.2 Kms 2. SH- 111(Gudiwada to Kankipadu ) – 10 Kms 3. SH-15 (Gollapudi Bypass) – 5.44 Kms and 4. SH-45 (Bandar Road to Vuyyuru town) – 26.267 km pass through the Vijayawada city. Jawahar Auto Nagar (Auto Industry Hub), the largest in Asia, located in Patamata area of Vijayawada city attracts about 2500 Lorries every day.
In Vijayawada City total non-transport vehicles are 6,78,004. Out of which four wheelers are 60869 and Two Wheelers are 505424 and remaining are other vehicles . The Transport vehicles are 94,937 , out of which 27296 are Auto Rickshaws, 19044 are Heavy Goods carriages (HGV),9664 are Light Goods Carriages (LGV) , 1786 are Medium Goods Carriages (MGV), 5705 are Motor cabs and remaining are other vehicles. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) runs more than 450 city buses in the city and a total of 2,600 APSRTC buses entering into the PNBS from various routes in the city. About 1700 vehicles ply for educational institutes in various routes in the city. As three important high ways pass through the Vijayawada city, about 4000 lorries cross Vijayawada City every day.
Vijayawada city is an important commercial center, educational hub and it has become functional capital of State of Andhra Pradesh. All these factors made Traffic Management a challenging Task in Vijayawada city